FALSE MEMORIES IN WORD RECALL AND RECOGNITION TASKS

The aim of this study was to replicate the effect of false memories obtained by Roediger and McDermott (1995). A sample of 62 university students studied and immediately recalled 6 lists of 12 related words associated to a non-presented word. Mean percent correct recall was 76%, and false alarms was 35% for the lure or critical word, which was recalled by 94% of the subjects in one of the occasions. In the recognition task, 42 words were presented and subjects assessed how old or new the words were on a 4-point scale. Recognition was 90% correct and 69% false for words assessed as old, showing once more how robust is the false memory effect.

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