STUDY METHODS AND SCHOOL PERFORMANCE :STUDY PROCEDURES IN JUNIOR AND SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Abstract: The article recognises the student's active role in his own learning process, concentrates on the personal "cognitive" variable and attempts to relate the cognitive practice with learning strategies versus learning difficulties. The sample was collected in two schools of the Great Oporto area and encompasses 264 students from the 3rd Cycle and the Secondary School, who answered an open questionnaire about their methods of study. The results reveal some discrepancy in the learning strategies of the students from the 3rd Cycle and from the Secondary School. The total sample indicates that the most frequently used working habits include writing summaries, using class notebooks, studying alone and on the day before the tests. On the other hand, the less used techniques consist of relating the taught subjects with the daily life, the use of symbols, memorisation by self-questioning, and planned study-breaks. Additionally, the sample shows that students relate their academic success specially to their own personal effort


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